About the Authors

Jeffrey S Dukes, Lisa A Moore, M. Rebecca Shaw, Todd Tobeck, Christopher B Field
Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, California, United States of America

Nona R Chiariello, Elsa E Cleland, Harold A Mooney
Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Susan Thayer
Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

jeffrey.dukes@umb.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

CBF, HAM, NRC, and MRS conceived and designed the experiments. JSD analyzed the data and wrote the paper. JSD, NRC, EEC, LAM, MRS, ST, TT, and CBF contributed substantially to the maintenance of the experiment and the collection, organization, and verification of data relevant to this paper.