About the Authors

Manfred Thiel, Alexander Chouker, Akio Ohta, Charles Caldwell, Patrick Smith, Dmitry Lukashev, Michail V Sitkovsky
Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Manfred Thiel, Alexander Chouker
Clinic of Anaesthesiology, University of Munich, Germany

Akio Ohta, Dmitry Lukashev, Michail V Sitkovsky
New England Inflammation and Tissue Protection Institute, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Edward Jackson
Pharmacology/Medicine Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Iris Bittmann
Pathology, Klinikum Grosshadern, University of Munich, Germany

Corresponding Author

m.sitkovsky@neu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MT and MVS conceived and designed the experiments. MT, AC, AO, EJ, CC, and PS performed the experiments. DL and IB analyzed the data. MT and MVS wrote the paper.