About the Authors

Michael Nicolas

Contributed equally to this work with: Michael Nicolas, Gabriel Marais, Vladka Hykelova

Affiliation Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, ENS Lyon, Lyon, France

Gabriel Marais

Contributed equally to this work with: Michael Nicolas, Gabriel Marais, Vladka Hykelova

Affiliation Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Science, University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Vladka Hykelova

Contributed equally to this work with: Michael Nicolas, Gabriel Marais, Vladka Hykelova

Affiliations Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, ENS Lyon, Lyon, France, Laboratory of Plant Developmental Genetics, Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic

Bohuslav Janousek

Affiliations Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, ENS Lyon, Lyon, France, Laboratory of Plant Developmental Genetics, Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic

Valérie Laporte

Affiliation Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Science, University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Boris Vyskot

Affiliation Laboratory of Plant Developmental Genetics, Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic

Dominique Mouchiroud

Affiliation Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, Bâtiment Gregor Mendel, Villeurbanne Cedex, France

Ioan Negrutiu

Affiliation Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, ENS Lyon, Lyon, France

Deborah Charlesworth

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Deborah.Charlesworth@ed.ac.uk

Affiliation Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Science, University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Françoise Monéger

Affiliation Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, ENS Lyon, Lyon, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

GM, BJ, VL, BV, DC, and FM conceived and designed the experiments. MN, VH, BJ, VL, and FM performed the experiments. GM, VH, BJ, and DC analyzed the data. GM, DC, VL, DM, and FM contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. IN discussed the paper, and GM, DC, and FM wrote the paper.