About the Authors

Shu-Jin Luo, Jae-Heup Kim, Warren E Johnson, Joelle van der Walt, Janice Martenson, Naoya Yuhki, Olga Uphyrkina, Stephen J O'Brien
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Shu-Jin Luo, James L. D Smith
Conservation Biology Graduate Program, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Dale G Miquelle, Howard B Quigley
Wildlife Conservation Society, Russian Far East Program, Bronx, New York, United States of America

John M Goodrich, Howard B Quigley
Wildlife Conservation Society, Hornocker Wildlife Institute, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

Ronald Tilson
Minnesota Zoo, Apple Valley, Minnesota, United States of America

Gerald Brady
Potter Park Zoo, Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Paolo Martelli
Singapore Zoological Gardens, Singapore

Vellayan Subramaniam
Zoo Negara, Hulu Kelang, Selangor, Malaysia

Charles McDougal
Tiger Tops, Kathmandu, Nepal

Sun Hean
International Cooperation Office, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Shi-Qiang Huang
Beijing Zoo, Beijing, China

Wenshi Pan
College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China

Ullas K Karanth
Wildlife Conservation Society—India Program, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Melvin Sunquist
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Corresponding Author

obrien@ncifcrf.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interests exist.

Author Contributions

SJL, JHK, WEJ, JV, NY, and SJOB conceived and designed the experiments. SJL, JHK, JV, JM, and OU performed the experiments. SJL, JHK, and WEJ analyzed the data. SJL, WEJ, JM, NY, DM, OU, JMG, HBQ, RT, GB, PM, VS, CM, SH, SQH, WP, UKK, MS, JLDS, and SJOB contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. SJL, JHK, WEJ, and SJOB wrote the paper.