About the Authors

Stephanie M Brandt

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Marc S Dionne

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Ranjiv S Khush

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Linh N Pham

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Thomas J Vigdal

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

David S Schneider

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dschneider@stanford.edu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

SMB, MSD, RSK, LNP, TJV, and DSS conceived and designed the experiments. SMB, MSD, RSK, LNP, TJV, and DSS performed the experiments. SMB, MSD, RSK, LNP, TJV, and DSS analyzed the data. SMB, MSD, RSK, LNP, and DSS contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. SMB and DSS wrote the paper.