About the Authors

David Serre, Michael Hofreiter, Svante Pääbo
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany

André Langaney, Mario Chech, Philippe Mennecier
Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

André Langaney
Laboratoire de Génétique et Biométrie, Université de Genève, Genève, Switzerland

Maria Teschler-Nicola
Department of Anthropology, Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria

Maja Paunovic
Institute of Quaternary Paleontology and Geology, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, Croatia

Göran Possnert
Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Corresponding Author

paabo@eva.mpg.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

DS and SP conceived and designed the experiments. DS, MH, and GP performed the experiments. DS, GP, and SP analyzed the data. AL, MC, MT-N, MP, and PM contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. DS, AL, and SP wrote the paper.