About the Authors

Eric L Snyder, Cheryl C Saenz, Steven F Dowdy
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States of America

Eric L Snyder
Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Bryan R Meade, Steven F Dowdy
Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Cheryl C Saenz
Department of Reproductive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

sdowdy@ucsd.edu

Competing Interests

SFD is the scientific founder of Ansata Therapeutics, a biotech company utilizing protein transduction technology to treat human disease. However, he owns less than 5% of the stock, does not receive any research funds from Ansata, does not have a seat on the board of directors, and has no say in the governance of the company.

Author Contributions

ELS and SFD conceived and designed the experiments. ELS, BRM, and CCS performed the experiments. CCS and SFD analyzed the data. BRM and CCS contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. ELS and SFD wrote the paper.