About the Authors

Alexei A Sharov, Yulan Piao, Ryo Matoba, Dawood B Dudekula, Yong Qian, Vincent VanBuren, Geppino Falco, Patrick R Martin, Carole A Stagg, Uwem C Bassey, Yuxia Wang, Mark G Carter, Toshio Hamatani, Kazuhiro Aiba, Hidenori Akutsu, Lioudmila Sharova, Tetsuya S Tanaka, Wendy L Kimber, Toshiyuki Yoshikawa, Saied A Jaradat, Serafino Pantano, Ramaiah Nagaraja, Kenneth R Boheler, Dennis Taub, Richard J Hodes, Dan L Longo, David Schlessinger, Minoru S. H Ko
National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Richard J Hodes, Emily Klotz
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Jonathan Keller
Basic Research Program, SAIC–Frederick, National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Garnett Kelsoe, Brigid L. M Hogan
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Akihiro Umezawa
National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Angelo L Vescovi
Institute for Stem Cell Research, Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy

Janet Rossant, Tilo Kunath
Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Anna Curci, Michele D'Urso
Institute of Genetics and Biophysics, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Naples, Italy

Janet Kelso, Winston Hide
South African National Bioinformatics Institute, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa

Corresponding Author

KoM@grc.nia.nih.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Author Contributions

MSHK conceived and designed the experiments. YP, RM, GF, PRM, CAS, UCB, YW, MGC, TH, KA, HA, LS, TST, WLK, TY, SAJ, SP, and MSHK performed the experiments. AAS, YP, RM, DBD, YQ, VV, GF, J. Kelso, WH, and MSHK analyzed the data. RN, KRB, DDT, RJH, DLL, DS, J. Keller, EK, GHK, AU, AV, JR, TK, BLMH, AC, MD, J. Kelso, and WH contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. AAS, YP, RM, VV, GF, and MSHK wrote the paper.